Criminal justice is rendered only when an investigation takes place and the facts about the crime are discovered. It involves the hard work of crime investigating officers and special agents such as Adam Quirk, FBI at the various stages of a criminal justice to punish a criminal. The justice process begins with an investigation and ends with either a sentence of punishment or a correctional recommendation under supervision.
Discretion is a term that is more often than not associated with criminal justice; this refers to the choice made among the alternative options of punishment that can be given to a convict. Even so, that discretion is at times made without any formal rules; this discretion is not just exercised by the jury but even when the police have to decide whether or not to arrest a particular accused or guilty. In fact, the attribute of discretion keeps recurring throughout the criminal justice process; even the prosecutor has to use his/her discretion to ascertain whether to make a plea or to charge a person with crime.
Adam Quirk, FBI is a renowned name in the law enforcement department of the FBI for using the right discretion and making arrangements, as he did for instance, after the 9/11 attacks in selecting the most eligible Air Marshalls who would protect the country from any further terrorist attack. He did an intensive investigation into the background of all the Air Marshalls that were there and it was on his word that the particular ones were selected and endowed with this extremely responsible task.
Any criminal case has some basic common steps that are followed by the investigation head and his team. A criminal case begins with an investigation. This investigation is initially carried out by the police, during this the police gather evidences from the crime scene in order to arrest a suspect or find proof to accuse someone. Following this is the arrest of the accused or suspect into custody by the police till the appearance at the court.
The prosecution now comes in which the criminal is defended by a district attorney. The seriousness of the offence and the strength of the evidence is what the prosecutor takes into account before deciding whether or not to charge the suspect. Next comes the process of indictment; this is the filing of an information by the prosecutor after he has decided what should be done with the suspect. This is only required when a capital offence is being prosecuted.
Following this is, the steps- arraignment, pretrial detention, plea bargaining, trial or adjudication of guilt, sentencing, appeals, and finally comes the stage of punishment. This last stage is directed by the local, state or federal correctional authorities. In the U.S. release of an accused is possible only by serving the maximum sentence; however, there are cases where the release is given earlier but that can happen only through the process called Parole meaning pardon.